- name1 W1S1 [neım] n▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(of a person)¦2¦(of a thing or place)¦3¦(reputation)¦4¦(famous person/company/product)¦5 call somebody names6 in somebody's name/in the name of somebody7 something has somebody's name on it8 in the name of religion/freedom/science etc9 have something to your name10 the name of the game11 cannot put a name to something12 take somebody's name in vain13 in name only/alone14 in all/everything but name15 somebody's name is mud▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[: Old English; Origin: nama]1.) ¦(OF A PERSON)¦what someone is called▪ Her name is Mandy Wilson.▪ What's your name?▪ Can I have your last name ?▪ She called him by his first name (=she used his first name when talking to him) .▪ Please leave your full name (=complete name) and address with reception.▪ She didn't give (=say) her name .▪ I heard someone call (=say or shout) my name .▪ Sign your name (=write it) on the dotted line.▪ Can you put my name on the list?▪ It's a big school but the principal knows everyone by name (=can recognize everyone and address them by their name) .▪ I knew him by name only (=I knew his name, but didn't know what he looked like) .under the name (of) sth(=using a different name from your real name)▪ HH Munro wrote under the name Saki.(go) by the name of sth(=used to say that someone has or uses a particular name)▪ a young politician who went by the name of Tony Blair2.) ¦(OF A THING OR PLACE)¦what a thing, organization, or place is calledname of▪ What's the name of the street?▪ The name of the company has changed.name for▪ Edo was the ancient name for Tokyo.▪ The flower's common name (=name that is used by ordinary people, not its scientific name) is forget-me-not.3.) ¦(REPUTATION)¦ [singular]the opinion that people have about a person or organization= ↑reputation▪ He didn't want to do anything to damage the good name of the company.▪ The restaurant got a bad name for slow service.▪ They give the rest of the fans a bad name .▪ The company has a name for reliability.make your name/make a name for yourself(=become famous for something)▪ He quickly made a name for himself in the Parisian art world.clear your name(=prove that you did not do something bad or illegal)4.) ¦(FAMOUS PERSON/COMPANY/PRODUCT)¦ informala person, company, or product that is very famous or is known by many peoplebig/famous/household name▪ some of the biggest names in show business▪ It made the company into a household name (=a very well known person or thing) .5.) call sb namesto use unpleasant words to describe someone in order to insult or upset them▪ The other kids used to call me names.call sb all the names under the sun(=use many unpleasant words to describe someone)6.) in sb's name/in the name of sba) if something is in someone's name, it officially belongs to them or is for them to use▪ The house is in my husband's name.▪ I've booked a table in the name of Steinmann.b) formal as someone else's official representative▪ I claim this land in the name of the King!7.) sth has sb's name on itsomething that seems to be appropriate for or deserved by a particular person▪ The match had England's name on it (=they will win it) .8.) in the name of religion/freedom/science etcusing religion, freedom etc as the reason why something is done - used especially when you disapprove of what someone is doing▪ cruel experiments on animals carried out in the name of science▪ the things people do in the name of love9.) have sth to your name informalto have or own something - used to emphasize that someone has very little or a lot of something▪ He died without a penny to his name (=very poor) .▪ He didn't have a qualification to his name.10.) the name of the game informalthe most important thing in a particular activity or situation▪ Quality, that's the name of the game.11.) cannot put a name to sthspoken used to say that someone is not able to say what something is called▪ I know the tune but I can't put a name to it.12.) take sb's name in vainto talk about someone without showing respect for them▪ How dare you take the Lord's name in vain (=swear using a word such as 'God' or 'Jesus') ?13.) in name only/aloneif a situation exists in name only, it does not really exist even though officially people say it does▪ a democracy in name only▪ He was president in name only.14.) in all/everything but nameif something is true in all but name, it is really true, even though people do not officially say that it is true▪ She was his wife in all but name.15.) sb's name is mud informalused to say that people are angry with someone because of something he or she has done - used especially humorously▪ If anything goes wrong, your name will be mud.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬WORD FOCUS: namesomeone's first name: first name, given name (especially AmE), Christian namesomeone's family name: family name, last name, surname, maiden name (=a woman's family name before she gets married)the name between your first and last name: middle nameall of the words of someone's name: full namewhen someone writes their name: signature, autograph (=of a famous person)a name used instead of someone's real name: nickname a short name used by someone's friends or familypen name/pseudonym a name used by a writerstage name the name used by an actorfalse name, alias a name used especially by a criminalunder an assumed name using a false name in order to hide your identitythe name of a thing: title the name of a book, film, picture etccommon name the name for a plant, animal, substance etc used by ordinary peoplescientific name the name used by scientiststerm a word or phrase used in technical contexts▬▬▬▬▬▬▬name 2name2 W2S2 v [T]▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(give somebody a name)¦2¦(say somebody's or something's name)¦3¦(choose somebody)¦4 to name but a few/a handful/three etc5 you name it (they've got it)!6 name the day/date7 name your price▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1.) ¦(GIVE SOMEBODY A NAME)¦to give someone or something a particular name→↑callname sb John/Ann etc▪ We named our daughter Sarah.name sb/sth after sb/sth(=give someone or something the same name as another person or thing)▪ He was named after his father.▪ The street is named after the famous South African leader, Nelson Mandela.name sth for sb/sthAmE (=give something the same name as a person or thing)▪ The college is named for George Washington.a man/woman etc named sth(=someone with a particular name)▪ some guy named Bob Dylan2.) ¦(SAY SOMEBODY'S OR SOMETHING'S NAME)¦to say what the name of someone or something is, especially officially▪ The two murder victims have yet to be named.name sb as sth▪ The woman who was shot has been named as Mary Radcliff.▪ She has secret information and is threatening to name names (=name the people who were involved in something, especially something bad or illegal) .▪ They're a lot better than some airlines I could name .name and shameBrE (=say publicly who is responsible for something illegal that has happened, or who has not achieved a particular standard)3.) ¦(CHOOSE SOMEBODY)¦to officially choose someone or something, especially for an important job or prizename sb/sth (as) sth▪ The film was named best foreign film.▪ Quinn has been named as the new team manager.name sb to sth AmE▪ Fitzgerald was named to the committee by the chairman.4.) to name but a few/a handful/three etcused after a short list of things or people to say that there are many more you could mention5.) you name it (they've got it)!spoken used after a list of things to mean that there are many more you could mention▪ Clothes, books - you name it, they sell it!6.) name the day/dateto decide on a date for your wedding7.) name your pricespoken to say how much you are willing to pay for something or sell something for▬▬▬▬▬▬▬HINT sense 1To talk about the name of a person or thing, it is more usual to say called rather than 'named': He had a friend called Mick.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.